A MINI CURRY COURSE
I have tried to make this a simple way to learn how to make a good curry - as good as you will get in most restaurants and takeaways. The idea is that you can remember the steps and not have to refer back to a specific recipe ever again.
So the first step to every curry I make is 'Red Stuff'
HOW TO MAKE RED STUFF
Equipment - either soup blitzer and tall jug or mini processor or big processor or manual tabletop mincer or knife and board - in that order of preference for me. Pan, spoon small knife
No need for a board yet, cut like most of the rest of the world do; using a small knife in your dominant hand sharp bit pointing towards you with the food between sharp bit and thumb (no scrubbing to get garlic and onion smells out of the board!)
1. Cut up an onion into blitzing jug, follow with -
2. Four cloves of garlic, peeled and cut
3. An inch or so of ginger, peeled and cut
4. Those fresh tomatoes that are going squidgey (3ish) in the back of the fridge
5. Top the jug up to about three quarters of the food height with cold water
6. Blitz til smoothish and looks like something a fit person may call breakfast before they power walk to the office.
7. Chuck it in a pan, bung it on top of the stove
8. Drool at the fresh smell as it warms up
9. When it is about half what it was, you have made enough red stuff for two or three portions :-)
Next - changing red stuff to brown stuff
HOW TO MAKE BROWN STUFF
Brown stuff is different every time depending on the type of curry you are making. Don't let lots of ingredients put you off, build up and experiment. Start off with the most basic - just curry powder.
1. Warm up a pan
2. Add a drop of oil
3. Plop in a knob of butter and warm until starting to foam - don't rush it
4. Add curry powder. Either follow the tin or about a teaspoon per person and one for the pot (or was that Darjeeling?)
5. Once the curry powder has fried for a minute add some red stuff (half a mug full should be enough) and salt to taste.
6. Let the flavours get to know each other for a while (on gawd, I've gone all Nigella) and you're done - you now have brown stuff :-)
The curry I am making whilst writing this just has different brown stuff. Instead of just curry powder I will fry off the following NOTE MY SPOONS ARE CURRY SPOONS, ABOUT THE SAME SIZE AS AN OLD COFFEE SPOON
A spoon of yellow mustard seeds, two spoons of turmeric, a spoon of curry powder, a spoon of cumin, a spoon of garam marsala a spoon of coriander seeds and three green cardamon pods (smashed up with a pestle and mortar), no chili as I put a fresh one in my red stuff and a few dry curry leaves a bit later.
Next - changing red stuff to brown stuff to curry
OK Changing red stuff to brown stuff to curry
What kind of curry to do. I'm doing vegi. Its not that I've gone all ethical and all 'poor little bunny rabbits', we ran out of meat a week ago so its either vegi or hotdog and pickled onion curry?) - one thing's for sure I'm never going to admit to my vegi sister in-law that I actually prefer home made curry to be vegi - no, no way.
Right steps one
Chicken - brown the chicken, take it out of the pan, start making brown stuff
Lamb - brown the lamb, take it out of the pan.... See a pattern here?
Pork - brown the.... I'm sure you get it by now!
Vegi is a bit more involved, cut your chosen veg (I prefer a bit of a theme) having the hardest smallest and softest largest. E.G. a piece of spud needs to be smaller than a piece of courgette unless you want to cook everything individually first (boring!) or end up with spud in courgette sauce!
1. Colour all your veg in turn and store on a plate
2. Add a bit more oil if needed and foam a knob of butter
3. Gently fry all the spices, the mustard seeds may pop a bit
4. Add some red stuff and slowly cook into brown stuff
5. Brown stuff is too thick unless you want a dry curry and your meat/veg cooks very quickly. Like chicken breast (it will be nearly cooked from browning it), prawns, mushroom etc. If you are cooking anything else you will need to add water. Cooking lamb and beef will need the brown stuff as watery as the red stuff was at the beginning and, ideally a few hours slow cooking.
6. Cook with a lid on to start with and once the meat/veg starts to soften take the lid off to reduce any liquid or add a bit more if needed.
And that's it, simples....
|I like to have a theme to the veg; Mediterranean, Root veg etc|
|It looks a lot more chopped up - you can see the dish of 'RED STUFF' in the background|
|Frying the veg - the other pan is the Bombay potato|
|RED STUFF added to spices to make BROWN STUFF|
|Ready for dishing - how many pans can you fit on your stove?|
So you know the basic procedure; fry what you've got, take it out, fry the spices, add red stuff (turns into brown stuff) add water and put your veg/meat back in. Watch the rugby, have a beer.
Now the keen eyed my have recognised in my photos that the spuds are not in the vegi pan and the vegi pan has some white lumps on top.
Bombay potatoes - fry spuds, put on a plate, fry a spoon of black onion seeds, a spoon of mustard seeds, two spoons turmeric and salt/pepper. Add some red stuff and cook to brown stuff add water and spuds and cook slowly, once cooked and the liquid absorbed add a chopped fresh tomato and let it sit with a lid on.
White lumps - Now as if home made curry and Bombay potatoes isn't impressive enough how about home made Indian cheese!!
No seriously, you're going to make paneer! I had put it off for years, assuming it was going to be very technical. Since first making it I had decided to keep my little secret but it is the season for sharing :-)
First the hard bit - the equipment you will need is
Square of muslin (its cheap, please no tights or socks!)
Large circular cutter, egg frying ring or off cut of a drain pipe.
Glass of water
And the easy bit the ingredients
That's it, this really is as easy as making hot chocolate, and quicker.
1. Boil milk
2. As it starts to boils add lemon juice
3. Lower the heat and stir for a minute or two
4. Strain through muslin and put it in the ring
5 weigh down with the glass of water
By the time its cooled down it will have set in to a puck shape and be solid enough to fry!
|Full Fat will produce more cheese|
|Don't make it if you've got a hangover|
|Ready to strain|
|It can be a bit sticky, but will soon solidify|
|All ready for frying|
Next - 'I want a korma!'
I want a #1 korma
Well I don't but somebody will! or at least something identifiable from a takeaway menu, so a couple of variations on the basic theme I'm going to assume for ease of writing that all main curry dishes are now chicken. So korma -
1. Seal the chicken and put it on a plate
2. Not much in the way of spices in this "curry" but I'd suggest, a touch of cumin, half spoon curry powder, touch of gara masala, touch of fenugreek (well you have got to have enough in it to at least call it a curry) two spoons of turmeric. Add a little salt, good couple of spoonfuls white sugar, and a tablespoon each of ground almonds and coconut (don't worry if they're a bit out of date, I doubt you will have much of it, stick to the proper curry) Fry this nice and slowly (no browning) in oil and a bit more butter than is healthy.
3. Add some red stuff and cook it into brown stuff.
4. Now the really healthy bit, rather than water, thin down with double cream (add a bit of creme fraiche if available) and bung the chicken back in.
Cook on a low heat and stir regularly. It won't need more than a few minutes and catches easily (the only thing worse than a korma is a speckled korma)
I'm not a fan of the English restaurant type korma, to me its like chicken in custard. If you fancy making it a little more authentic only use a little cream, get the rest of the sauce by firstly marinading the chicken in yogurt with some turmeric and spices and braise the whole lot slowly. It may look a little watery to start with but tastes better.
I want a #2 Dhansak
Hot and spicy, sweet and sour - my favorite!
1. Seal the chicken and put it on a plate
2. Fry some spices, I'd suggest - curry powder, cumin, ground coriander, dried chili, mustard seeds, a couple of spoons of turmeric, some salt and a couple of spoons of sugar
3. Add some red stuff and cook for a while
A Dhansak has a couple of key ingredients that separate it from the rest, dhal and pineapple
4. Boil a handful of red lentils in water until tender (lentils and yellow split peas mixed are better but take longer to cook)
5. Using the equipment that you made red stuff with, blitz a small can of pineapple, or a few rings from a bigger tin and keep the rest for homemade pizza :-)
6. Put the chicken back in the brown stuff, add the pineapple, more water if needed and then the cooked and drained lentils.
7. Adjust the seasoning to your taste. You can use a splash of lemon juice or vinegar to increase the acidity, I prefer tamarind soaked in a little hot water and strained through a tea strainer using the liquid sparingly as it can be quite bitter.
Now from here on don't worry too much about which spices you use, start to experiment and use the ones you like, I don't feel that it has to conform to a particular recipe and there is no chance of remembering what quantity of ten different spices goes in your favorite five curries so just remember the theme. It will at the very least be better than out of a jar.
Korma - mild, sweet, coconut and almond
Dhansak - hot/sweet/sour, pineapple, lentils
Ceylon - hot rich curry stew, lemon, coconut, lots of crushed black pepper
Satay - medium, basic curry with chunky peanut butter
Jalfreze - medium/hot, basic curry but add onion peppers and chili to chicken when frying at the beginning keep it chunky
Dupiaza - means double onion (or two types of onion, one fried and one boiled or poached) chunks of onion poached then fried with the chicken (about the same volume of meat and onion)